Addicted or Dependent?

Is it important to differentiate between addiction and dependence? Neither dependence nor addiction is mentioned in the diagnostic criteria of a substance use disorder (SUD) in the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). Researchers, however, distinguish between addiction and dependence as follows: Addiction is a condition characterised by craving … Continue reading Addicted or Dependent?

Formation of secure attachment in adulthood as a mental health intervention

Formation or regeneration of a sense of security in adults who experienced insecure attachment in childhood enhances resilience and improves psychological wellbeing. An instinctive drive for attachment is our fundamental survival mechanism in early childhood.[1] Attachment behaviour is any action intended for getting a response from a preferred person, someone who is usually wiser or … Continue reading Formation of secure attachment in adulthood as a mental health intervention

Emotion regulation: which strategies to employ?

Emotion regulation is a set of processes that control manifestation, expression, strength and duration of emotions, which critically influence our daily life and mental health. Adaptive strategies of emotion regulation tend to produce constructive outcomes such as reduced negative reactions to stress, while maladaptive strategies can substantially contribute to mental disorders. Attention control, acceptance, reappraisal, … Continue reading Emotion regulation: which strategies to employ?

The multifaceted nature of depression

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO, 2020), depression is a highly prevalent disorder with more than 300 million people affected globally. Unlike mood changes that people experience from time to time, depression may develop into a debilitating, potentially fatal illness. Causes of depression are complex, not entirely identified, and influenced by multiple sources including … Continue reading The multifaceted nature of depression

Can we outsmart our own cognitive biases?

We are all vulnerable to cognitive biases, which cause us to overfocus on some kinds of information while disregarding other kinds. These flaws in our thinking can trick us into making wrong conclusions and decisions. Moreover, cognitive biases are highly implicated in the development of mental disorders. For example, attentional bias—hyperattention to a certain category … Continue reading Can we outsmart our own cognitive biases?

How to Switch Perfectionism from Bad to Good?

There is a way of making perfectionism work for—not against—us. Negative consequences of perfectionism Some experts would argue that perfectionism (striving unrelentingly for high standards of performance and combining that with extremely critical self-analysis) is linked to many areas of distress and emotional hardships, such as depression, borderline personality disorder, anxiety disorders, suicidal tendencies, and … Continue reading How to Switch Perfectionism from Bad to Good?

Did you know that a penny lost is valued more highly than a penny received?

A penny lost is valued more highly than a penny received. Here is why: Research shows that a punisher and a reinforcer do not have equally opposing effects on behaviour. This is known as an asymmetry of reinforcement and punishment or an asymmetry in the law of effect. When people are offered a choice between punishment … Continue reading Did you know that a penny lost is valued more highly than a penny received?